An intelligence quotient is a total score derived from a set of standardized tests or subtests designed to assess human intelligence
An IQ test is an assessment that measures a range of cognitive abilities and provides a score that is intended to serve as a measure of an individual’s intellectual abilities and potential. IQ tests are among the most administered psychological tests.
Intelligence testing can help educators assess a student’s needs and understand how the student can be expected to perform academically. In the past, intelligence testing was used to confirm or rule out the presence of learning Disability and to establish IQ for the purposes of diagnosing an intellectual Disability.
Depending on the type of intelligence test administered, it may provide important information on how students approach problem-solving. Properly interpreted, intelligence testing may help educators develop appropriate special designed instructions and educational strategies that can help kids learn.
Benefits of Intelligence Testing:
Sometimes when a child is not succeeding in school, it is the result of a learning disability. When left unidentified or unaddressed, learning disabilities can make a child appear less capable of learning than they actually are.
As many as 8% to 10% of kids under the age of 18 have a learning disability. These include dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyslexia, and other specific learning disabilities, all of which can affect achievement at school.
Intelligence testing can rule out a low IQ as a reason for poor performance in school. Intelligence testing also can help clear up any misjudgements made by educators who might not realize that a child’s classroom performance doesn’t indicate their true abilities.
Overall, IQ tests for children can be a controversial subject. But it is generally accepted that intelligence testing can be useful to identify gifted children and children with developmental delays.
They can also be used to highlight areas a child excels in and point out areas where they might require extra support. For instance, a child with learning disabilities might score high in math but low in reading. Or, they might have high oral language skills but struggle with writing. These insights can help educators determine the interventions a child needs.